On Saturday (November 12) the annual meteor showers will reach their peak in the Northern Hemisphere.
This year’s northern meteor showers last from October 20 to December 2 and are most visible from the shower’s ray point (the spot in the sky from which they appear to have originated) in the direction of the constellation Taurus when it is above the horizon.
At their peak, which is estimated to occur around 1:00 p.m. EDT (1800 GMT) on Saturday, Taurids will produce about five meteors per hour. This prediction is made looking at a completely dark sky, however, it is possible that actual observing conditions will result in fewer meteors being observed. Unfortunately, the moon will be convex waning tomorrow, which means that the moonlight may obscure everything except the brightest sign of Taurus.
Related: Tori meteor shower 2022: When, where and how to see it
the Bull It may not be as flashy as other annual meteor showers like the Pershaw meteor shower in August or the Geminid meteor shower in December, the latter of which can produce up to 150 meteors per hour, but it still manages to produce some bright fireballs.
For observers in New York, Taurids are at their most intense around midnight when their point of radiation is highest, according to the in the sky (Opens in a new tab). At this time, the Earth’s rotation has shifted New York to meet the incoming meteors as they enter the atmosphere.
This increases the number of meteors that pass vertically through the Earth’s atmosphere, creating short paths. At times when the site does not encounter incoming meteors, they enter the atmosphere at an oblique angle and create long-lasting meteors that can cross further across the sky.
A phasic meteor shower, which occurs every year between September and November, consists of two separate parts, one in the northern hemisphere and the other visible above the sky in the southern hemisphere. This year, the Southern Taurids began on September 10, peaked on October 10 and will end on November 20.
Both meteor displays originate from the same source, however, the debris cloud left by Comet 2P/Encke (Encke).
As the comet about 3 miles (4.8 kilometers) wide approaches the sun in its 3.3-year orbit, Encke is dumping the dust that lingers in the solar system.
As Earth passes through this cloud of debris, dust from Encke enters the atmosphere at about 68,000 miles per hour (109,000 kilometers per hour).
This causes it to burn up, causing a Taurid meteor shower. A larger, pebble-sized piece of debris will create a shiny fireball above the ground.
Skywatchers who fail to see any great fireballs during the Taurid meteor shower can catch meteor showers in December. Geminids begin on December 4 and peak on December 14, while Ursids begin on December 12 and will peak on December 22.
Editor’s note: If you took a photo of the Taurid meteor shower and would like to share it with Space.com readers, send your photo(s), comments, name, and location to [email protected]
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